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Julia Margaret Cameron , original name Julia Margaret Pattle , British photographer who is considered one of the greatest portrait photographers of the 19th century.
Julia Margaret Cameron was born in Calcutta, India, in 1815. Her father, James Pattle, was an official with the East India Company and her mother, Adelaine de l'Etang, was of French aristocratic descent.
Cameron was educated in France, but returned to India, and in 1838 married Charles Hay Cameron, a jurist and member of the Law Commission stationed in Calcutta, who was twenty years her senior.
It was at Dimbola in December 1863, that Cameron, then aged 48, was given a camera by her eldest daughter, Julia, and husband, Charles Norman. The gift marks the beginning of what would quickly become her all-encompassing application to the 'art' of photography.
Cameron became a member of the Photographic Societies of London and Scotland. She remained a member of the Photographic Society, London, until her death.
Julia Margaret Cameron photographed many of the major figures of the nineteenth century, including Tennyson, Darwin, Robert Browning, and Longfellow. The bulk of her work, however, consists of portraits of women.
Most of her work, however, was done between the holiday visits of these great men, when she made photographs that concerned beauty, King Arthur, myth, the poetry of Tennyson, and the painting of Raphael, as she understood it. For models she used her friends and maids and their friends and children, and converted them by act of will into Biblical heroines, Renaissance cherubs, and Arthurian maidens.
During her career, Cameron registered each of her photographs with the copyright office and kept detailed records. Her shrewd business sense is one reason that so many of her works survive today. Another reason that many of Cameron's portraits are significant is because they are often the only existing photograph of historical figures, becoming an invaluable resource.
The bulk of Cameron's photographs fit into two categories—closely framed portraits and illustrative allegories based on religious and literary works. In the allegorical works in particular, her artistic influence was clearly Pre-Raphaelite , with far-away looks, limp poses, and soft lighting.
Cameron died while in Ceylon. Almost none of Cameron's work from Ceylon survives. Her death is attributed to having caught a bad chill and she died in Kalutara , Ceylon in 1879.