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Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Английский форум Помощь Срочная помощь по английскому языку

Описание: Поможем с английским языком. В первую очередь помогаем тем, кто просит проверить задание, которое было выполнено самостоятельно. Отвечаем на вопросы, консультируем. Помощь с английским оказывается бесплатно.
Модератор: karina_mia

Сообщение Kira » 16.09.2015, 19:27

Have you ever seen a pet dog, a large bone between its jaws, running off proudly to a corner of the garden to bury the bone? This typical canine behavior can be seen in all members of the dog family, but not in the cat family.
To understand why this is so, we need to know something about the behavior of the domestic dog’s ancestors. All dogs (from the tiny Chihuahua to the mighty German shepherd and St. Bernard) are descendants of the wolf. In the wild, wolves lie in packs that range in size from five to thirty members. They go hunting whenever they are hungry, and usually their prey is gobbled up as soon as it is dead. If the prey is small- a rabbit, a sheep or a small deer, there is no need to worry about storing the leftover food. Even a small deer can be consumed quickly by a small number of wolves. Each adult wolf is capable of swallowing as much as ten kilograms of meat at a single feast, and as much as twenty kilograms over a 24 hour period.
Only with a very large prey, such as big deer, cattle or horses, do the wolves have a serious surplus of food. If the wolf pack is small, consisting of just a few adult animals, they can take the precaution of tearing off large chunks of meat and burying them under the ground.
This protects the meat from scavengers such as crows, ravens and vultures. And in a hot climate it also protects the meat from flies and maggots.
The wolf’s burying action is as follows. While still clasping the meat in his jaws, the wolf digs a hole with his front teeth. When the hole is big enough, he simply opens his jaws and let the meat drop into it. Then he uses his snout to push earth back on top of the cache. The wolf returns the following day, digs up the meat with its front feet, seizes it in its jaws, gives one powerful shake to remove the earth clinging to it and then settles down to eating it.
This is the ancestral behavior pattern that the domestic dog has inherited. The big bone on the dinner plate is a “leftover” that must be buried.
Passport / IC No: _____________
English Proficiency Test 2012 Page 11 of 14

66. The bone mentioned in paragraph 1 probably come from__________
a. an animal the dog has killed.
b. a bird killed by the dog.
c. the dog’s dinner plate.
d. a rubbish bin on the street.
67. _________________is the common ancestor of all dogs.
a. The Chihuahua
b. The Mongril
c. The wolf
d. The St. Bernard
68. Usually wolves do not store meat after a killing because______________
a. they do not like to eat stale meat.
b. they carry it back to the den for their meat.
c. the pack finishes all the meat.
d. scavengers take leftover meat.
69. There will probably be a lot of leftover meat when_______________
a. a big pack of wolves kills a deer.
b. a small pack of wolves kills a horse.
c. a pack of wolves kills several rabbits.
d. a small pack of wolves is very hungry.
Passport / IC No: _____________
English Proficiency Test 2012
( )
( )
( )
( )
Page 12 of 14
70. Wolves bury the extra meat so that_______________
( )
a. it will rot.
b. carnivorous birds will not be able to find it.
c. it will be baked in the hot earth.
d. the are will be clean and tidy.
71. The “scavengers” mentioned in paragraph 3 like to eat____________
a. live animal flesh.
b. rotting vegetable matter.
c. nuts and fruits.
d. dead and flesh.
72. While the wolf is digging the hole, he_________________
a. stands over the piece of meat.
b. covers the meat with earth.
c. hold the meat in his mouth.
d. puts the meat on the ground beside him.
73. What is the “cache” mentioned in paragraph 4?
a. It is the earth that has dug.
b. It is the bone that he is hiding.
c. It is the earth that he pushed back.
d. It is the meat that he is hiding.
Passport / IC No: _____________
English Proficiency Test 2012
( )
( )
( )
Page 13 of 14
74. To get rid of the earth clinging to the meat, the wolf___________
a. washes it in a stream.
b. shakes it once.
c. licks it clean.
d. shakes it again and again.
75. Why do domestic dogs bury their bones?
a. The dogs are imitating wolves that they have seen.
b. The dogs have been taught by their masters not to leave things around.
c. This behavior pattern has been inherited from their ancestors.
d. The dogs have been taught to do this by their mothers.
( )

Kira



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Название форума: Срочная помощь по английскому языку
Описание: Поможем с английским языком. В первую очередь помогаем тем, кто просит проверить задание, которое было выполнено самостоятельно. Отвечаем на вопросы, консультируем. Помощь с английским оказывается бесплатно.

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