In a Crown Court trial there are twelve jurors. These are ordinary members of the public between the ages of 18 and 70 who are selected at random. They are not paid but are given expenses while they are on jury service, which is usually for about two weeks.
Service is compulsory, and it cannot normally be avoidedwithout a good reason, such as illness. It is not necessary for a juror to know anything about the law – indeed certain people connected with the world of law, such as solicitors, are not allowed to serve as jurors. This is because the job of the jury is to listen to the caseand to decide questions of fact. It is the judge's responsibility to guide them on questions of law.
This contrast between law and fact is 1) (very important, most important). If a man 2) (is, be) on trial for murder, for example, the judge will 3) (explain, be explained) just what the crime of murder 4) (mean, means) in English law and the prosecution has to prove. He will explain how the trial will be conducted, summarise the evidence, and tell the jurors what factors they should 5) (considers, consider) in making their decision. These are questions of law. However, whether the defendant did in fact commit murder or not is a question of fact to be decided by the jurors themselves. It is necessary for at least ten 6) (from, of) the twelve to agree.
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