Найдите предложения в пассивном залоге и определите их видовременную функцию. Предложения переведите.
1. Arrests are usually used for serious offences. 2. Judges are usually chosen from the most senior barristers.3.In Canada, when judges are asked to serve, they are appointed to the bench for life. 4. Superior court judges are appointed by the federal government. 5. A juror should not have formed an opinion of guilt or innocence before the facts are presented. 6. The laws of the country are made by elected representatives and the court. 7. Before William of Normandy invaded England in 1066, law was administered by local courts and no law was common to the whole kingdom. 8. The president is elected for a four-year term of office.
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Определите функции инфинитива в предложениях. Предложения переведите.
1. In England anyone facing criminal prosecution is entitled to choose a firm of lawyers to represent him. 2. In some countries in order to practice as a lawyer it is necessary to get a university degree in law. 3. The job of the jury is to listen to the case and to decide questions of fact. 4. In many situations people are able to work things out between themselves without using formal rules or laws. 5. One of the most important purposes of law is to help us avoid or settle disagreement. 6. Family law tells us what obligations parents have towards their children, such as the duty to support them. 12
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Переведите следующие предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод инфинитивных оборотов.
1. We know the local councils to have different powers. 2. The committee recommended the law to be passed. 3. Offences relating to the use of alcohol and drugs are likely to constitute 10% of the reported offences. 4. In districts with an especially small population, the prosecutor is likely to be a part time official, maintaining a private practice in addition to his public office. 5. Panda car is a name for a police car, especially a blue and white or black and white one (because it is imagined to look like the black and white stripes of a panda). 5. The Crown Court, a court of general jurisdiction, and the Magistrates Courts with only limited jurisdiction, are known to be trial courts for considering criminal cases.
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Переведите следующие сложные предложения, обращая внимание на союзы и союзные слова.
1. Penalties such as fines and imprisonment are given to people who are found guilty of breaking lav. 2. The criminal law is a type of law that forbids certain conduct. 3. If laws are broken, it is up to the government to punish offenders. 4. Labour law sets out the rights and duties that exist between employers and employees. 5. In Canada most people who are charged with crimes are not held in jail until their trials. 6. The standards of proof are higher in a criminal action than in a civil one since the loser risks not only financial penalties but also being sent to prison. 7. Any member of public may witness a court case, although he does not have the right to speak and may be ordered from the court if he tries to interrupt proceedings. 8. There are some proceedings, in Britain which are closed. 9. Whether a case is heard by a judge, a judge and jury, or an administrative board, the rule of impartiality is very important. 10. The judge will then decide whether there is enough evidence to send the defendant to trial. 11. After the arrest the police decide whether they have enough evidence to prosecute.12.Whether the case is committed to the Crown Court depends on the seriousness of the crime.