Написала небольшой доклад про выборы в США. Глаз "замылился", хотелось бы свежего взгляда, который мог быть дать совет или выявить закравшуюся ошибку)
The United States presidential election is one of the most important events of 2016 not only for America but for the whole world. It was held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. There were two main candidates for the position: Hillary Clinton and Donald Tramp. The second one became a winner. Donald Tramp was elected the 45th President of the United States.
During election night, some Internet news stations created a map with colored areas to show the results of election. From the very beginning it became evident that the east and west coasts voted for Hillary and “middle” America voted for Trump. It was an evidence for the fact that America is divided into two cultures: the urban centers (voted for Hillary) and rural centers (voted for Trump).
The possibility of Donald Trump’s winning was thought very improbable. A traditional point of view on the recent American elections reveals a reason for which Hillary Clinton’s victory seemed assured. Polls in 2012 showed that Barack Obama won. He had the least support of white workers than any other candidate from the Democratic Party since the days of Walter Mondale. Polls have shown that white voters without a college education are only a third of the total number of voters. It concluded that the additional reduction in support of the voters is not possible, especially when a new Democratic candidate is white.
But it turned out that democracy depends on the white working class much stronger than it was thought. As a result, the Democratic bastions of the industrial age — white working class — voted for Trump.
Now let’s see who voted for Trump. We’ take different parameters: place of living, gender, age, race, education, religion, income level. So, in big cities (where population is more than 50000) 59% voted for Clinton and 34% voted for Trump, in villages 34% voted for Clinton and 62% voted for Trump. We can see that Trump had a great support from village residents.
The next point is gender. 53% of men voted for Trump and 41% voted for Clinton. 54% of women voted for Trump and 42% — for Clinton. Speaking about the age of voted people, we can see there was a gradation of this parameter. Young people voted for Clinton, old people voted for Trump.
The next point is race. 37% of white Americans voted for Clinton, and 58% voted for Trump. 88% of Afro-Americans voted for Clinton and only 8% voted for Trump. The same situation is with Latin Americans and with the Asians.
A very important parameter is education level. The most visible difference in percentage of voters we can see in area of people with high education. Most of them voted for Hillary.
Speaking about religion, we can point out the next things: 39% of Christians voted for Clinton and 58% voted for Trump. An interesting situation was with atheists: 68% of them voted for Clinton and only 26% — for Trump.
The last parameter is an income level, but there is no visible difference between percentages of voters of different income levels.
We can summarize all the things. While many white voters deeply disliked Trump, they disliked Democrat Hillary Clinton even more. Of those who had negative feelings about both Trump and Clinton, Trump got their votes by a margin of 2 to 1. Votes for Trump seemed to signal a rejection of the norms and values for which Clinton stood more than an outright embrace of Trump. He was viewed unfavorably, for instance, by 61 percent of Wisconsinites, but 1 in 5 in that group voted for him anyway.
The most important divide in this election was not between whites and non-whites. It was between those who are often referred to as “educated” voters and those who are described as “working class” voters.
The reality is that six in 10 Americans do not have a college degree, and they elected Donald Trump. College-educated people didn’t just fail to see this coming — they have struggled to display even a rudimentary understanding of the worldviews of those who voted for Trump. This is an indictment of the monolithic, insulated political culture in the vast majority our colleges and universities.