1 Defendant affiances and other people involved in proceedings should not be forced to evidence.
2 In a civil case a claimant proves violation of the law through preponderance of evidence.
3 If a defendant considers that there was a crime committed by a claimant, he or she can make a cross complaint.
4 Undoubtedly, in criminal proceedings a claimant should prove the guilt of an accused person.
5 Burden of proof is bigger in a criminal case.
6 There are violent and non-violent crimes, enormous offences and minor crimes.
7 The right to a jury is one of the most important rights of citizens.
8 The verdict of the jury/deliverance should be unanimous in a criminal case.
9 There are mainly two grades of offence: a crime against the person and the property crime.
10 There are many ways of work with perpetrators.
11 The most common property crime is theft. Petty theft is
12 The first objective is to reform the offender, correct moral and antisocial behavior.
13 The second objective of punishment is to be the deterrent of the crime rate.
14 Most people consider that an offender should suffer for his or her crimes.
15 The main objective of punishment is compensation and not retaliation.
16 The offender should be allowed to become a law-abiding member of society.
17 Burglary is the crime of illegally entering a building and stealing things.
18 Some people think that it is necessary to use the principle of “an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth”.
19 There are six stages in judicial inquiry/investigations. They are as follows: jury selection, the parties’ opening statements, evidence, examination of witnesses, instructing the jury, the concluding remarks of the lawyers, a verdict.
20 The jury resolve the questions of fact, legal issues are for Judge.
21 Leading questions and the information from the third parties are not, generally, supported by Judge.
22 Today there are many alternatives to imprisonment.
23 The most common type of punishment is fine.
24 A probation period is combined with a suspended sentence.
25 Financial sanctions have got some deficiencies.
26 Sometimes reparation takes the form of community service.
27 The most dangerous crime against the person is first-degree murder which is planned and committed deliberately. Involuntary manslaughter is, generally, punishable by imprisonment for long-term period.
28 Importantly, those who break the law for the first time are placed in a cell with recidivists and a prison become the school of crime. The prisons are overcrowded in many countries.
29 Many countries were abolished the death penalty. Supreme measure of punishment has got followers but on the other hand there are opponents.
30 Aggravated assault is the crime with serious bodily harm and is made with weapon such as a gun, knife or blunt instrument.
31 Robbery is the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone.
The main function of lawyer are as follows: protect the rights and legitimate interests of a citizen or an organization, representation of clients in court, drafting of papers and doing legal research on behalf of the client.