Контрольная работа 1
Задание 1.Переведите слова и по суффиксу определите, какой частью речи они являются: существительным, прилагательным, наречием:
entrance, department, religious, privately, residential, preparatory, education, responsible, construction, mostly.
Задание 2.Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, к какой части речи относятся выделенные слова с суффиксом –s, определите функцию данного окончания:
а) показатель множественного числа имени существительного;
б) показатель притяжательного падежа существительного;
в) показатель 3-его лица ед.ч. глагола в PresentIndefinite.
1. An English child begins to go to school at the age of five.
2. Children’s lessons at this age consist of drawing pictures, singing songs, etc.
3. Pupilshave many interesting subjects at school.
Задание 3.Образуйте сравнительную и превосходную степени следующих имен прилагательных и наречий:
important, good, various, far, clever, convenient, late, little, bad, funny.
Задание 4.Перепишите, переведите предложения и заполните пропуски соответствующими по смыслу местоимениями (личными, притяжательными или указательными):
1. If pupils go to grammar schools, … will have a good theoretical secondary education.
2. There are some private schools in England. Boys and girls didn’t study together at … schools.
3. The sons of the aristocracy go to public schools and … parents pay much money for … .
Задание 5.Перепишите, переведите следующие предложения, заполнив пропуски глаголами “tobe”, “tohave” во временах Present, Past, FutureIndefinite:
1. After finishing grammar schools pupils … good knowledge.
2. Children’s uniform … usually dark.
3. Students … lectures in Philosophy next year.
4. Monasteries … cultural and educational centres many centuries ago.
Задание 6.Перепишите предложения, поставив глагол в соответствующую видовременную форму, определите форму глагола, переведите предложения на русский язык:
1. A boy’s uniform (to consist) of a school cap, a tie and a blazer?
2. Only the sons of nobles (to attend) the first Egyptian schools.
3. People hope education (to become) better in future.
4. Poor people (not to teach) their children in grammar schools in pre-revolutionary Russia.
Задание 7.Прочтите и устно переведите текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2, 4 и 6 абзацы.
EDUCATION IN ENGLAND
1. In England, the Department of Education and Science is responsible for all levels of education. Universities, however, are self-governing and depend on the central government only for financial grants.
2. Education is compulsory between the ages of five and sixteen. About one-third of primary and secondary schools in England are administered by Anglican or Roman Catholic voluntary organizations. More than 90 per cent of the secondary-school population (children aged eleven through eighteen) attend state-funded comprehensive schools, in which admission is not based on aptitude, and the remainder attend either grammar or secondary modern schools.
3. Tertiary colleges offer a full range of vocational and academic courses to students aged sixteen and older. Independent schools provide both primary and secondary education but charge tuition. In large cities, a number of independent schools are run by various ethnic and religious communities.
4. So-called public schools, which actually are private, are often categorized as independent schools. Most public schools are residential and privately financed, and provide education to children aged eleven through nineteen. Important public schools for boys include Eton (the oldest; established in 1440-41), Harrow, Winchester and Westminster. Famous public schools for girls include Cheltenham, Roedean and Wycombe Abbey. There are also private, mostly residential, preparatory schools, which prepare students aged seven through thirteen for the Common Entrance Examination required to enter senior secondary schools. At the completion of secondary education, students receive the General Certificate of Secondary Education.
5. More than a third of England’s young adults receive some form of postsecondary or higher education through colleges, polytechnics and universities. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge date from the 12th and 13th centuries, and both have university presses that are among the oldest printing and publishing houses in the world.
6. There are about 35 universities in England, some of which are referred to as “red brick” universities. These universities were founded in the late 19th or early 20th century in the industrial cities of Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, Birmingham, Sheffield and Bristol and were constructed of red brick, as contrasted with the stone construction of the buildings of Oxford and Cambridge.
7. A continuing education program through the Open University (1969), in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire offers education through correspondence courses and the electronic media.
Задание 8.Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. What is the Department of Education and Science responsible for?
2. Which schools does the secondary-school population attend?
3. What can independent schools provide?
4. What public schools for boys do you know?
5. Where can English children continue their education after secondary school?
6. What are “red brick” universities famous for?
7. How is education in the Open University carried out?
Контрольная работа № 2
Задание 1. Прочитайтетекст:
EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TRAINING
When organization has invested in some training, how do we know if it has a success? Our gut feeling might be that skills and practice have improved. But in what ways and by how much has it improved, and did organization get value of money? Answer of these questions can be given by doing evaluation.
The evaluation of training forms is the remaining part of the training cycle which starts with the identification of training needs, establishing objectives and continues through to the design and delivery of the training course itself.
It is the function of evaluation to assess whether the learning objectives originally identified have been satisfied and any deficiency rectified. Evaluation is the analysis and comparison of actual progress versus prior plans, oriented toward improving plans for future implementation. It is part of a continuing management process consisting of planning, implementation and evaluation; ideally with each following the other in a continuous cycle until successful completion of the activity. Evaluation process must start before training has begun and continue throughout the whole learning process.
Functions of evaluation: There are basically two functions of evaluation,
- Qualitative evaluation is an assessment process ‘How well did we do’?
- Quantitative evaluation is an assessment process that answers the question ‘How much did we do’?
Principles of Training Evaluation:
- Training need should be identified and reviewed concurrently with the business and personal development plan process.
- There should be correlation to the needs of the business and the individual.
- Organizational, group and individual level training need should be identified and evaluated.
- Techniques of evaluation should be appropriate.
- The evaluation function should be in place before the training takes place.
- The outcome of evaluation should be used to inform the business and training process.
Why Training Evaluation: Training cost can be significant in any business. Most organizations are prepared to incur these cost because they expect that their business to benefit from employees development and progress. Whether business has benefited can be assessed by evaluation training.
There are basically four parties involved in evaluating the result of any training: Trainer, Trainee, Training and Development (T&D) department and Line Manager. The Trainee wants to confirm that the course has met personal expectations and satisfied any learning objectives set by the T&D department at the beginning of the program. The Trainer concern is to ensure that the training that has been provided is effective or not. Training and Development want to know whether the course has made the best use of the resources available. The Line manager will be seeking reassurance that the time hat trainee has spent in attending training results in to value and how deficiency in knowledge and skill redressed.
The problem for many organizations is not so much why training should be evaluated but how. Most of the organizations overlook evaluation because financial benefits are difficult to describe in concrete terms.
Задание 2. Письменно переведите на русский язык 1-ый, 2-ой, 3-ий абзацы текста.
Задание 3. Письменно ответьте на вопросы к тексту:
1. What are the first main steps in the employee training cycle?
2. When the evaluation of the effectiveness of training should be started?
3. What training evaluation should be done for?
4. How many parties are involved in evaluating the results of any training?
5. Do you know any methods of training evaluation?
Задание 4. Определите время и залог сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Bringing in an employee with an M.B.A. is sometimes perceived as a sign that ‘ordinary’ employees are not good enough to get the job done.
2. The opportunity to meet you and become acquainted first hand with the fine work you and your team have been doing, has strengthened my interest in working for Sealico.
3. Corporate incentive systems are considered the most effective method for motivating employees to work harder.
4. For more than a century, most workers have been tied to a nine-to-five schedule that they planned their lives around.
5. Specify whether the person is expected to work odd hours, be on-call or work in sensitive environments.
Задание 5. Найдите в предложениях неличные формы глагола (инфинитив, причастие I, II, герундий). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. With conduct problems, the firing is frequently (but not always) part of a ‘progressive step’ process, meaning the employee will have been warned and given an opportunity to improve before more severe measures are taken.
2. An employee getting charged with a crime will affect the employer’s ability to trust the employee.
3. The employee is sometimes offered some extended pay or benefits and a glowing reference in exchange for departure. In turn, the ex-employee agrees not to sue, file for unemployment, or take any other action that would hurt the employer.
4. In some cases, when an employee departed on good terms, they may be given special priority by the employer when seeking rehire.
5. Companies will generally employ a number of different methods to fill their recruitment needs including employee referral, company websites, recruitment agencies and job boards.